International Trade Law



  • Licensed Customs Brokerage Specialist. Dependable and reachable 24 hours a day. 7 days a week. 365 days a year.
  • Lightning Fast Customs Clearance for Freight Forwarders, Importers and Exporters utilizing the latest Automated Broker Interface (ABI) technology.
  • International Trade Research / Customized Reporting.
  • Import research and consulting. Know everything about the admissibility requirements for the items you are importing before it gets to the United States. Avoid potential delays and unforeseen costs.
  • Classification issues, duty rates, binding rulings, protests, product disagreement and resolution issues.
  • ALL OGA and Import requirements are handled. Including FDA Prior notice and registration number requirements.

A more detailed list of our Customs focus areas include but are not limited to:

  • Responsibilities of Importers (Modernization Act)
  • General Rules of Interpretation (GRI)
  • Tariff Classification  
  • Country of Origin Marking
  • Fines Penalties and Forfeitures
  • Foreign Trade Zones (FTZ)
  • Entry/Entry Summary Requirements
  • Customs Bonds (SEB and CB)
  • Power of Attorney
  • Bonded Warehouses
  • Examination of Merchandise
  • Prohibited and Restricted Merchandise
  • Special Classes of Merchandise
  • Anti-Dumping Duty (ADD)
  • Counterveiling Duty (CVD)
  • Quotas
  • Transportation In Bond (I.T.)
  • Temporary Imports Under Bond (TIB)
  • Carnets
  • In-Bond Entries & Procedures
  • Liquidation of Entries
  • US Goods Exported and Returned
  • Administrative Review
  • Notice of Action
  • Re-liquidation of Entry
  • Protests & Administrative Rulings
  • Duty Drawback
  • North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
  • Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act (CBERA)
  • Caribbean Trade Partnership Act (CTPA)
  • African Growth Opportunity Act (AGOA)
  • Israel Free Trade Act (IL)
  • Generalized System of Preference (GSP)
  • Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPDEA)
  • Products of Freely Associated States (FAS)
  • Products of Insular Possessions (USIP)
  • Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR)
  • US Chile Free Trade Agreement (CL)
  • Moroccan Free Trade Agreement (MA)
  • Singapore Free Trade Agreement (SG)
  • Bahrain Free Trade Agreement (BR)
  • Jordan Free Trade Agreement (JO)
  • Australian Free Trade Agreement (AFTA)

Companies engaging in international trade face ever changing, complex regulatory requirements in addition to the constant internal and external pressures facing most businesses. At Michael S. Cooke, CHB we strive to help importers address these challenges, by minimizing the risks associated with importing and maximizing the opportunities to make the process more efficient and thus, more profitable.

In our daily operations, we accomplish this through our commitment to ensuring compliance with U.S. Customs (CBP) and all U.S. government agencies while going the extra mile to facilitate the expedited delivery of your freight. To complement these efforts, Michael S. Cooke, CHB offers a suite of services designed to further evaluate your company's import operations and internal controls. Regardless of whether you require a comprehensive review of your products, procedures and records or wish to address very specific areas of concern, we can help you achieve your goals with our understanding of U.S. regulations and best practices. We will listen closely to your needs and will work to provide solutions tailored to fit those needs.

Following is a general list of some of the consulting services we can provide:

U.S. Customs Compliance
The passage of the Mod Act in 1993 redefined the role of the importer and placed upon them the responsibility for using reasonable care to enter, classify and determine the value of imported merchandise. An importer of record's failure to exercise reasonable care can have significant short term and long-term ramifications. By evaluating your operating policies and procedures we can determine whether changes are required to bring them into compliance and help you decide how often these policies and procedures should be reviewed to minimize your risks.

One of the responsibilities shifted to importers by the Mod Act was to correctly determine the value of the merchandise being imported. We can help you understand and evaluate the several methods that can be used to appraise merchandise under 19 CFR 152 or review past documentation to ensure the values assessed were appropriately determined.

Before you import a new product it is critical to know the classification and duty rate of the goods. While you could try to classify the goods yourself, the complexities and density of the U.S. Harmonized Tariff Schedule can make the task difficult and time consuming. As a licensed United States Customs Broker, Michael S. Cooke, CHB, can do this task for you, ensuring that your goods are properly classified. By doing this for all past , present, and future importations, you add an additional level of compliance to your products.

Product Dictionaries
In addition to classification of new products, we have the ability to perform an exhaustive review of your current product lines and catalogs in order to build a product dictionary that can be used to expedite the classification process on future importations.

Harmonized Tariff Schedule Research
In some cases, minor changes made to a product being considered for importation can have a significant impact on what rates of duty the item will be charged or the admissibility requirements that it must comply with. Michael S. Cooke, CHB can assist you into looking at these issues, offering you some insight in to how you might be able to reduce the duty or other cost impact on your items without effecting their use or marketability.

Post Entry Amendments, Voluntary Disclosures & Protests
Unfortunately, errors or discrepancies are sometimes discovered only after an entry has been liquidated by Customs. If through the review of documentation and consultation with you and/or your suppliers, it is determined that additional information should be provided to Customs, we can help generate and file the appropriate paperwork in an effort to minimize and/or mitigate the impact of such findings.

Binding Rulings
In the event that your goods are extremely unique and the correct classification is not clear, Michael S. Cooke, CHB, has the ability to request a Binding Ruling on your behalf as your Attorney in Fact from U.S. Customs. In a Binding Ruling request, we provide documentation describing the commodity in great detail while arguing for a particular classification that we believe to be correct or presenting a question for which we need an answer in order to determine the ultimate classification. Once the ruling is secured, it can be used to clear the items that it covers.

Michael S. Cooke, CHB will thoroughly research your products admissibility requirements before importation. US Customs Attorneys charge up to $400/hr for these services. And the overwhelming majority of Customs Attorneys have no hands on experience with the actual clearance process with U.S. Customs. This changes from port to port.

Importers should only use a licensed U.S. Customs Broker or U.S. Customs Attorney and not rely on US Customs (CBP) for free advise, duty rates, product information or other admissibility issues. US Customs Regulations and the Modernization Act dictate U.S. Customs (CBP) ultimately, cannot be held legally accountable for any advice given to an importer.

Please give us a call today for details.